Larry Brian Radka is a retired broadcast engineer, an amateur radio operator (KB3ZU), and a graduate of the University of the State of New York.He has written several magazine articles as well as a few books.Like most theropods the arms of carcharodontosaurids were much smaller than the legs, but they were still larger and more robust than those of later and more specialised theropods like tyrannosaurs and abelisaurs. Carcharodontosaurids also retained three fingered hands like most other theropods during the late Jurassic and early Cretaceous.
It seems that copper vases, some of whose ages go back 4000 years, were unearthed several years ago which had designs plated on them in gold or silver, even some were plated with antimony." "Occasionally, we feel a bit smug about our tremendous advances in the nuclear science and the like, but when we are scooped by some ancient metal smiths we are most assuredly brought down to earth and humbled.
It will ever be so." These so-called Baghdad batteries, discovered in the 1930's, are now old news, and the evidence that the ancients used them to electroplate some of the artifacts stored in museums around the world is likewise common knowledge. Wilhelm Koenig of the Iraq Museum in Bagdad reported recently that a peculiar instrument was unearthed by an expedition of his museum in the summer of 1936.
In the earliest Sumerian account, dated circa 1600 B. the Flood hero stands near a sidewall and receives a warning. This time the gods had to swear not to tell any mortal of the plan -but Enki found a way around that too: he passed the information not directly to Atrahasis but to the wall of the reed hut where he lived, and the wall -perhaps thanks to the wind whistling through it- transmitted the message. C., the Early Dynastic IIIa Period, some 300 years AFTER the circa 2900 B. The bas-relief appears to resemble a boat of WOOD _not_ reeds. does NOT have a god informing a man to tear down a reed hut and make a boat of it, NOR does this account state that the boat is made of reeds. bas-relief of a WOODEN BOAT reveals that this is what the "ORIGINAL" Noah's Ark looked like ! This piece of relief from Shuruppak Early Dynastic IIIa period (2600-2500 B. Note the wavy lines symbolizing the watery abyss surrounding his dwelling.
No mention is made of what material this wall is composed of, that is to say we are NOT informed as to whether the wall is of reeds or wood or brick. Enki's advice was to build a huge boat and coat it with pitch; according to the Epic of Gilgamesh, he was to pull down his hut and build a boat from the reeds (reed boats were as common as reed huts). The earliest Flood account which is in Sumerian ca. All that is said is that the boat is "large." It is a _later_ Akkadian account (Atra-khasis) which has the "Mesopotamian Noah" constructing his boat of reeds from a reed hut and _still later_ accounts (Gilgamesh) have the boat constructed of wood. Later generations would transform this craft into reeds made of a torn down reed hut (Atra-khasis). Enki/Ea is shown with two streams of water pouring forth from his body. He erred, its not Ziusudra, its Enki (Ea) who told Ziusudra (Atrahasis) to build his boat and save self, family and animals.
1600 BC), and this in all probability is the time that the Akkadian Atra-khasis was first being written down. Of peculiar interest here is that the man seated on the viewer's left appears to be steering the boat with an oar that is bent at almost a right-angle. In another myth, Enki (Ea) makes man of clay over the Apsu in Eridu, to work in his fruit-tree garden which he planted for himself next to his reed shrine. As noted earlier, above, I understand that Noah's Flood is a later Hebrew reinterpretation and transformation of various motifs appearing in Mesopotamian flood myths, the event being recalled is the Shuruppak flood of ca. Of interest are some "more" Mesopotamian motifs which appear in the Genesis Flood account: In the Bible, we are told that the Flood commenced in the 600th year of Noah, I note that the Atrahasis myth suggests that the Flood occured at the end of a 600 year interval too.
It is possible that the Akkadian author knew the Sumerian text..." (p. Enki made man to be his agricultural servant, to work in his irrigated garden to relieve the junior Igigi gods of their burdensome toil in his garden. It appears _to me_ that the Hebrews have preserved Atrahasis' 600 year interval of time elapsing before a Flood commences and reformatted this motif as occurring in Noah's 600th year.
Its immense pyramid is the largest such structure in the Americas, and the largest pyramid structure by volume in the world.
It is located in the Puebla-Tlaxcala Valley of the central Mexican highlands.
Maize is the major crop cultivated but they also harvested maguey Cholula’s strategical location in the center of the Mexican highlands gives it a prime place as a trade outpost.
Here, trade routes connected the Gulf coast, the Valley of Mexico, Tehuacan Valley, and La Mixteca Baja through Izucar de Matamoros.
Common features Although some carcharodontosaurids genera are noted for their large size, not all of the carcharodontosaurids were giants. They do however seem to have had skulls that were proportionately large relative to their body size. The skulls of the larger carcharodontosaurid genera are amongst the largest dinosaur skulls known with the skull of Acrocanthosaurus being about 1.3 meters long, the skull of Carcharodontosaurus being about 1.6 meters long, and the larger estimate of the skull of Giganotosaurus being 1.95 meters long. These large sizes were possible because carcharodontosaurid had very large fenestra (openings), which meant that the skulls were not as solid, and therefore quite lightweight given the size. The antorbital fenestra (the opening between the eye socket and nasal opening) is often particularly large when compared to the skulls of other theropods. When viewed in profile the anterior (front) end of the lower jaws of carcharodontosaurids also tend to appear squared off.