Until 1839 there had been copyright protection for some textiles, but most areas of the decorative arts, such as glass, metalwork, ceramics and wallpapers, had no copyright protection at all.
Prior to 1852 patent numbers ran contiguously rather than per year and were the filing number.
There are several dates associated with a patent: Initial filing, often a provisional specification would be submitted at this time and a filing number would be allocated; Full Specification provided, generally 6 to 12 months following the initial filing; Patent Published, the serial number is issued (from 1916), generally 15 - 24 months from initial filing.
The Public Record office and the British Government tend to enforce these marks and registration numbers.
Companies located outside the UK who have reproduced items, and tried to use a facsimile of the marks or numbering system have been sued, and have had sanctions imposed against them.
This online filing system also provides discounted official fees, and we are proud to pass on these cost-savings in full to our clients.
The UK Patent Office search is performed quickly, with the results being returned in around 4 months from the date of filing, and is relatively inexpensive.
Between the initial filing or application and the final granting of the patent the filing number may be used to identify the patent.
So a number lower than 100,000 may be a patent issued before 1916 or a filing number issued from 1916.
A patent application passes through a number of different stages on the way to grant.